Vidya Mave, MD, MPH

Pune, India
Role: 
Director
Associate Professor
Vidya Mave

Dr. Mave is Co-Director of the Center for Infectious Diseases in India and Associate Professor at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. She is also Director and Clinical Research Site (CRS) Leader of the Johns Hopkins University Baltimore-India Clinical Trials Unit (JHUBI-CTU) in Pune, India. The CTU is a collaborative research partnership between BJGMC in Pune, India and Johns Hopkins School of Medicine that is part of the world’s largest HIV therapeutic trial networks (the AIDS Clinical Trials Group [ACTG] and the International Maternal Pediatric and Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trial Network [IMPAACT]). 

Dr. Mave has more than 20 years of experience in clinical practice, education, and research in infectious diseases and has published more than 100 peer-reviewed research articles. Following a short tenure as Assistant Professor of Infectious Diseases at Tulane University School of Medicine, Dr. Mave joined the Johns Hopkins in 2010. She now leads and coordinates all clinical research activities for the JHUBI-CTU, which conducts phase I, II, and III clinical trials of therapeutic drug interventions for HIV and co-morbid infections, including TB and hepatitis, in adults (including pregnant women) and children. Dr. Mave’s research interests include TB clinical trials (of vaccines and new and re-purposed drugs) to optimize treatment outcomes; comorbidities (including diabetes, HIV), and the use of novel tools (Hair PK, whole genome sequencing, host biomarkers) to study TB treatment outcomes; and assessing best implementation strategies in programmatic settings. In addition, Dr. Mave has mentored more than 20 pre- and postdoctoral trainees from Johns Hopkins. 

Dr. Mave received an MD in medicine from Karnatak University, Dharwad, India, and an MPH from Tulane University. She completed her internal medicine training at St. Barnabas Hospital in New York, followed by a post-doctoral fellowship in infectious diseases at Tulane University and Long Island Jewish Medical Center. Dr. Mave is board certified in internal medicine and infectious diseases by the American Board of Internal Medicine. 

Leadership 

  • Protocol Chair, A 5384: A Phase II, Randomized, Open-Label Trial of a Six-Month Regimen of High-Dose Rifampicin, High-Dose Isoniazid, Linezolid, and Pyrazinamide versus a Standard Nine-Month Regimen for the Treatment of Adults and Adolescents with Tuberculous Meningitis: Improved Management with Antimicrobial AGents Isoniazid rifampiciN LinEzolid for TBM (IMAGINE-TBM) 

  • Co-Vice Chair, ACTG Tuberculosis Transformative Science Group 

  • Protocol Vice Chair, A5397/HVTN 603: A Phase 2A/2B Study Evaluating Safety and Immunogenicity of Therapeutic ID93 + GLA-SE Vaccination in Participants with Rifampicin-susceptible Pulmonary TB. 

Bacterial Antimicrobial Resistance Patterns in Pune, India: Substudy on the Introduction of Triage to a Triage Naïve Emergency Department in Pune, India, and the Effects on Patient Flow

Post Date: 
2017-01-01
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Despite state-of-the-art inpatient facilities, Sassoon General Hospital (SGH) in Pune, India, does not currently have a method of triaging the large volume of patients they care for on a daily basis. Based on prior studies in low to middle income countries...

Measuring TB Drugs in Hair as a Tool to Monitor Adherence, Exposure and Response in Patients with HIV

Post Date: 
2016-08-16
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Our study will examine whether hair levels of two key first line tuberculosis drugs will be useful markers to identify individuals at highest risk of treatment failure in active tuberculosis. Our study aims to provide a lowcost clinical tool using hair that can be noninvasively...

A Randomized Therapeutic Interventional Comparative Study between Three Different Modalities of Paediatric Antitubercular Treatment

Post Date: 
2016-06-13
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This study was terminated July 6, 2019. It was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. This study evaluated three different TB treatment regimens in children attending Sassoon General Hospital in Pune, India. A...

Optimal Algorithmic Diagnosis of Genital TB among HIV-infected and Uninfected Infertile Women

Post Date: 
2016-05-26
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This study was terminated March 2020. It was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. There is a lack of a set protocol universally for diagnosis of genital TB, and for Indian hospitals, India's Revised National...

Whole Genome Sequencing and Trek Sensititre Testing of Stored Isolates of Drug-resistant Tuberculosis from a Clinical Cohort at Hinduja Hospital, Mumbai

Post Date: 
2016-05-02
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Among HIV-positive TB patients presenting to Médecins San Frontières (MSF) clinics in Mumbai, 78% carried MDR-TB strains, with nearly half also found to have additional drug resistance. A previously published cohort of 202 patients cared for at these MSF clinics have enrolled in a...

The Human Virome in Health and Disease

Post Date: 
2016-02-21
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This study was terminated in September 2020. This study is part of the Antimicrobial Resistance study referenced below, Some samples were used from the Cohort for Tuberculosis Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (C-TRIUMPH), under the Regional...

Residual Respiratory Impairment Following Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2015-09-13
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This study is conducted by the Cohort for Tuberculosis Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (C-TRIUMPH) under the Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) Network, an international TB consortium. Many TB patients have...

Prevalence Survey of Risk Factors for Tuberculosis and Non-communicable Diseases in an HIV-positive Population in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2015-08-17
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This study is conducted under the TREAT Asia Network and funded by amfAR. The primary objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of risk factors for tuberculosis and non-communicable diseases (NCDs)--coronary artery disease and diabetes mellitus--...

A5290: A Randomized, Phase 2b Study of a Double-Dose Lopinavir/Ritonavir-Based Antiretroviral Regimen with Rifampin-Based Tuberculosis Treatment versus a Standard-Dose Lopinavir/Ritonavir-Based Antiretroviral Regimen with Rifabutin-Based Tuberculosis...

Post Date: 
2015-07-07
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This study was terminated February 23, 2016; it was conducted under the AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG) and funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health.. Full Title: A5290, A Randomized, Phase 2b Study of a Double-Dose Lopinavir/Ritonavir-Based Antiretroviral Regimen...

Bacterial Antimicrobial Resistance Patterns in Pune, India: Substudy on Community Health-Seeking Behavior Among Patients Admitted with Acute Febrile Illness

Post Date: 
2015-05-28
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Objectives: To describe the patterns of health-care seeking behavior and prior outpatient care among patients admitted with acute febrile illness to Sassoon Hospital To determine the effects of outpatient behaviors and prior treatments on the antimicrobial...

Barriers for Intervention to Prevent Occupationally Acquired Tuberculosis in Healthcare Workers

Post Date: 
2015-05-21
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This study was terminated April 20, 2017; it was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. Observational study to assess the current status of implementation of interventions for preventing occupationally acquired...

Risk of Tuberculosis among Health Care Workers and Trainees in a Tertiary-care Hospital in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2015-04-15
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This study was terminated April 24, 2018. It was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. A retrospective study of health care workers (HCWs) was conducted by investigators of the Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Medical and...

Diagnosis of Tuberculosis Infection and Th1 Immune Response in Pregnant Women in India

Post Date: 
2014-09-01
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This study was terminated April 16, 2018. Tuberculosis (TB) disease is a major cause of mortality among Indian women of reproductive age; approximately 20-50% of women in India are latently infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). Due to immune...

Impact of Immune Changes of HIV and Stages of Pregnancy on Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2014-09-01
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This is the Parent Study for CCGHE’s PRACHITI (PRegnancy And CHanges In TuberculosIs) effort. It's supported by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. Purpose: TB is a...

Evaluation of Longitudinal Blood Culture Isolates from BJ Medical College in Pune, India, 2003-2013

Post Date: 
2014-06-16
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This study was terminated July 31, 2014. Antibiotic resistance is a serious global problem and is caused by multiple factors which have led to difficulty in the management of life-threatening, multi-drug resistant (MDR) bacterial bloodstream infections. The knowledge of antibiotic resistance...

ART Study 1: Database: Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS and Associated Comorbidities in a Public Antiretroviral Treatment (ART) Clinic at BJGMC in Pune

Post Date: 
2014-06-14
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Since 2004, the National AIDS Control Program of India has been rolling out free antiretroviral therapy. Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College (BJGMC), located in Pune, India, is now the largest HIV clinic in India, with over 26,000 adult and pediatric patients registered since 2005...

Optimizing Treatment to Improve TBM Outcomes in Children

Post Date: 
2014-05-01
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This study, known as TBM Kids, is being conducted in India and Malawi. Primary Objectives To characterize the pharmacokinetics (PK) (plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)) of rifampicin given at model-derived optimal daily doses and...

P1078: A Phase IV Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Safety of Immediate (Antepartum-Initiated) Versus Deferred (Postpartum-Initiated) Isoniazid Preventive Therapy Among HIV-Infected Women in High TB Incidence Settings

Post Date: 
2014-04-01
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This is a clinical trial conducted under the International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials (IMPAACT) Network and funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health. Dr. Amita Gupta is Protocol Chair for this multinational clinical trial being conducted in...

Cohort for Tuberculosis Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (C-TRIUMPH)

Post Date: 
2013-09-28
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Collaboratively funded by the US NIH, India’s Department of Biotechnology [DBT], and Indian Council of Medical Research, the Cohort for TB Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (C-TRIUMPH) is an Indo-US research consortium that is part of RePORT India, a countrywide consortium for TB...

Assessing the Association of Indoor Air Pollution with Tuberculosis in Adult Women and Children under 5 Years of Age

Post Date: 
2013-09-15
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This study is conducted the Cohort for Tuberculosis Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (C-TRIUMPH) under the Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) Network, an international TB consortium. Addressing social and...

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Smoking, alcohol use disorder and tuberculosis treatment outcomes: A dual co-morbidity burden that cannot be ignored

Post Date: 
2019-07-31
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PLoS One
BACKGROUND: More than 20% of tuberculosis (TB) disease worldwide may be attributable to smoking and alcohol abuse. India is the second largest consumer of tobacco products, a major consumer of alcohol particularly among males, and has the highest burden of TB globally. The impact of...

Third-line antiretroviral therapy in low-income and middle-income countries (ACTG A5288): a prospective strategy study

Post Date: 
2019-07-29
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Lancet HIV
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) management is challenging for individuals in resource-limited settings presenting for third-line treatment because of complex resistance patterns, partly due to reduced access to viral load monitoring. We aimed to evaluate use of newer...

Infection free "resisters" among household contacts of adult pulmonary tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2019-07-18
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PLoS One
Despite substantial exposure to infectious pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) cases, some household contacts (HHC) never acquire latent TB infection (LTBI). Characterizing these "resisters" can inform who to study immunologically for the development of TB vaccines. We enrolled HHCs of culture-confirmed...

Advancing the development of new tuberculosis treatment regimens: The essential role of translational and clinical pharmacology and microbiology

Post Date: 
2019-07-15
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PLoS Medicine
Summary points Translational and clinical pharmacology are the state-of-the-art tools used by drug developers to efficiently move compounds and regimens through all drug development phases. Tuberculosis drug and regimen development, though, has traditionally underutilized these modern, model-based...

High risk for latent tuberculosis infection among medical residents and nursing students in India

Post Date: 
2019-07-08
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PLoS One
PLoS ONE: Self-reported TB exposure is underreported, and uptake of LTBI prevention therapy remains low

Advancing the development of new tuberculosis treatment regimens: The essential role of translational and clinical pharmacology and microbiology

Post Date: 
2019-07-05
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PLOS
Application of clinical pharmacology best practices is essential to the efficient and rational development of drugs. In general, knowledge gained about exposure–response relationships in preclinical models aids drug and dose selection in human studies, and biomarkers and pharmacokinetic (PK) data...

Mobile phone access and comfort: implications for HIV and tuberculosis care in India and South Africa.

Post Date: 
2019-07-01
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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
SETTING: India and South Africa shoulder the greatest burden of tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection respectively, but care retention is suboptimal. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a study in Pune, India, and Matlosana, South Africa ...

Age-specific prevalence of TB infection among household contacts of pulmonary tuberculosis: Is it time for TB preventive therapy?

Post Date: 
2019-06-21
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Publication: 
Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
BACKGROUND: Household contacts (HHCs) of TB patients are at high risk of developing evidence of latent TB infection (LTBI) and active disease from the index patient. We estimated the age-specific prevalence of LTBI and the force of infection (FI), as a measure of recent transmission, among HHCs of...

Assessment of lung function in successfully treated tuberculosis reveals high burden of ventilatory defects and COPD

Post Date: 
2019-05-23
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PLoS One
New in PLoS One: We found a high burden of lung function defects and COPD in tuberculosis cases who successfully completed treatment, suggesting a need for lung function screening as part of patient management.

High prevalence of insulin resistance and occurrence prior to hyperinsulinemia threshold among people living with HIV in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2019-05-21
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Publication: 
Diabetes Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews
BACKGROUND Diabetes prevalence in HIV is not well characterized for India, despite the high burden of both individual diseases. Epidemiology of insulin resistance (IR): a precursor to diabetes, and its associated risk factors are also poorly understood in Asian Indian people living with HIV (PLHIV...

Subtherapeutic rifampicin concentration is associated with unfavourable tuberculosis treatment outcomes

Post Date: 
2019-05-10
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
Rifampicin concentrations were sub-therapeutic in most Indian patients taking a thrice-weekly TB regimen

Respiratory health status is associated with treatment outcomes in pulmonary tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2019-04-19
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The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
BACKGROUND: The association between respiratory impairment and tuberculosis (TB) treatment outcomes is not clear. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated respiratory health status, measured using the Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), in a cohort of new adult pulmonary TB cases during and...

Willingness to take multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) preventive therapy among adult and adolescent household contacts of MDR-TB index cases: an international multi-site cross-sectional study

Post Date: 
2019-03-28
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
Abstract BACKGROUND: Household contacts (HHCs) of individuals with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) are at high risk of infection and subsequent disease. There is limited evidence on the willingness of MDR-TB HHCs to take MDR-TB preventive therapy (TPT) to decrease their risk of TB disease...

Feasibility of identifying household contacts of rifampin- and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis cases at high risk of progression to tuberculosis disease

Post Date: 
2019-03-28
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Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
We assessed multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) cases and their household contacts (HHCs) to inform the development of an interventional clinical trial.

Maternal health outcomes among HIV-infected breastfeeding women with high CD4 counts: results of a treatment strategy trial

Post Date: 
2019-03-20
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HIV Clinical Trials
BACKGROUND: IMPAACT PROMISE 1077BF/FF was a randomized study of antiretroviral therapy (ART) strategies for pregnant and postpartum women with high CD4+ T-cell counts. We describe postpartum outcomes for women in the study who were randomized to continue or discontinue ART after...

Elevated highly sensitive C-reactive protein and d-dimer levels are associated with food insecurity among people living with HIV in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2019-03-04
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Public Health Nutrition
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and determinants of food insecurity among people living with HIV (PLWH) in Pune, India and its association with biomarkers known to confer increased risks of morbidity and mortality in this population. DESIGN:...

HIV testing uptake among the household contacts of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis index cases in eight countries

Post Date: 
2019-01-07
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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease : The Indo-JHU Clinical Research Parentership participated in this multinational study to determine if it's feasible to provide HIV testing for household contacts of MDR-TB cases.

Building capacity for advances in tuberculosis research: Proceedings of the third RePORT International Meeting. Tuberculosis (Edinb)

Post Date: 
2018-12-15
Publication: 
Tuberculosis (Edinb)
Abstract RePORT International is a global network of research sites in India, Brazil, Indonesia, South Africa, China, and the Philippines dedicated to collaborative tuberculosis research in the context of HIV. A standardized research protocol (the Common Protocol) guides the enrollment...

Drug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae colonization is associated with healthcare utilization and antimicrobial use among inpatients in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-10-04
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BMC Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: Healthcare exposure may increase drug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae colonization risk. Nascent antimicrobial stewardship efforts in low- and middle-income countries require setting-specific data. We aimed to evaluate risk factors for inpatient drug resistant...

The association of household fine particulate matter and kerosene with tuberculosis in women and children in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-09-07
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Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Use of kerosene cooking fuel is positively associated with TB in women and children in our analysis using reported sources of exposure.

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